In a few days, the freshmen students will start military training. The purpose of military training in China is to improve students' political awareness, inspire patriotic enthusiasm, cultivate strong perseverance and collective spirit of hard work and endurance, enhance the concept of national defense and organization and discipline.
The term "military training" can be traced as far back as the slave society of the Xia and Shang dynasties. It is recorded that in the Shang dynasty, as wars between vassals increased, the rulers paid increasing attention to military training, and in addition to training the regular army, they also provided military education to nobles at all levels through schools.
During the Qin and Han Dynasties, military training in schools began to decline. Confucian scholarship was gradually accepted as orthodox, and the function of military training was reduced to a ceremonial procedure.
During the Sui dynasty, the government began to "cease the martial arts and culture" and vigorously cut down on military preparations, and the focus of national education changed from learning martial arts to cultivating culture.After the Wen and Wu sub-college, the military training was gradually abandoned.
During the Tang Dynasty, military training was abolished . By the Song Dynasty, the policy of promoting education and suppressing martial affairs was pushed to a climax, and the status of military generals was overtaken by the scholarly student.
Military training was restarted in 1929, and military education was given renewed attention. "Military education shall be a compulsory subject in all universities, upper secondary and specialized schools, preparatory schools and other institutions of higher education, except for girls.
When it comes to military training, people can usually think of about two types of scenes: even obsessive-compulsive disorder is pleasing to the disaggregated form, and the positive kick symphony of brainwashing cycle.
Every year, an instructor praying for freshmen with more poisonous sunshine has become one of the favorite activities of seniors .
It looks like it can lift our military prestige, but it repeats the simple and harmonious movement thousands of times. What's the use except to report the performance to the leaders? This neat and uniform formation is actually a masterpiece of the Prussians.
I think that when the European army was just equipped with muskets, the bullets fired with black gunpowder had a short range and poor accuracy. In order to achieve a satisfactory killing effect, the army had to brush the ground in rows and open fire at each other collectively. In image, it was to queue up to shoot each other.
In order to improve deterrence, the Prussian army also drew a folk dance in the parade, which was characterized by high legs and parallel to the ground. This way of marching can not only refresh your mind and sort out the queue, but also create a deterrent sound effect that shocks the earth.
According to the British historian Norman? Davis said: "For Prussia's enemies, the march symbolizes that Prussian soldiers are not only rural boys in military uniforms, but also super martial arts superman; for the whole world, marching symbolizes that Prussia is not only a powerful country, but also a proud power."
After Prussia defeated France to complete German reunification, German military instructors became popular all over the world and spread this swiping procession to many countries in Asia and the Americas. Strict disaggregated methods can strengthen collective consciousness, which is very attractive.
Now let's turn to America.I was surprised to find that there was no military training for freshmen in American universities! Although American college students do not need military training, they can participate in the ROTC and be trained in it.
In American universities, the Officers' Training Corps is a way of training officers in the United States military. To join this training group is not a simple matter, but it is conditional.
If you want to apply for the training corps, first of all, you have to have a GREEN card from the United States, and if you don't get a green card, you're basically barred from the U.S. military.
These college students who apply for training will be qualified according to the conditions of service, and only those who pass the test can be selected.
College students who qualify for the TRAINING corps receive a scholarship, but they must attend military training and sign an agreement with the military to serve eight years in regular or reserve forces after graduation.
It seems that American troops strong is not without reason, every year there are a large number of students enrolled in the training mission.
After graduation, a large number of high-quality talent directly sent to the army for military service.And their training is different with China,they don't need to stand in the big sun JunZi, the U.S. military focused on students' practical ability.For students, the difficulty is to be reckoned with.
It is necessary to mention west Point, one of the most famous military academies in the United States. West Point is the first military academy in the United States, located in West Point, New York，founded in 1802.
The school has produced two presidents. Many U.S. military stars graduated from the school. Commanders in 55 battles during the American Civil War graduated from the school, which is called "the cradle of American generals".
Let's look at the military training of Russian students in neighboring countries.The training during military training in Russia is divided into three main areas.
The first is military and patriotic education, which includes learning and understanding the glorious history of the military, military basics, and watching patriotic movies.
The second area is actual military skills drills.You heard me right, you do get access to live ammunition!This includes learning about formation, assembling and disassembling automatic rifles, live fire, firefighting, medical care, radiation, chemical and biological protection, and more.Doesn't that sound exciting?
The third is physical exercise.These include the well-known long-distance running with weights, cross-country training, and participation in various sports such as football and basketball.
These students receive a stipend based on their military training and, upon graduation, are considered to have completed both university and military service, and are also awarded the rank of "lieutenant".
Recently, according to Russian media reports, the Government is preparing to build ninety-three university military training centres to improve the military literacy of students.
This would ensure the training of more officers, who would have the cultural knowledge in peacetime and the military skills should war break out.
In South Korea, the law stipulates that every adult male must serve in the military as long as he passes the examination, and no one can disobey him, even if he is a star. This is also the reason why the news of such and such stars joining the army comes out from time to time in the entertainment circle of South Korea.
In order to better serve in the army in the future, South Korean students pay great attention to military training from the beginning, often use a variety of harsh methods to exercise the students' willpower and physical quality.
Every December, elementary and middle school students from across South Korea train shirtless in the snow at the camp in Ansan, South Korea. More than ten degrees below zero in the cold, the children take off the jacket, let the childishness of the skin exposed in the cold wind.
It also smears snow on the body. The process lasted about half an hour. They screamed and roared, but they did not shrink back. They honed their will and strengthened their bodies.
Swimming, cross-country, crawling in the mud and facing each other shirtless in the cold wind. What attitude do Korean students and their parents have towards this kind of almost rigorous training?
Because, in South Korea, most of the fathers had served in the military, the military training has always maintained a favorable attitude.
South Korean parents focus on cultivating their children's spirit of not fearing hardship, so they are very supportive of their children's participation in military training. Some families even let their children attend military summer camps at their own expense," said South Korean news commentator Nam Liming.
Of course, South Korean students are also proud of having participated in military training camps or military training in a certain army. Military training is a very honorable thing in their mind.